Board of directors

Richard Kraemer, President

Richard Kraemer managed the National Endowment for Democracy’s program portfolio on Afghanistan, Iran and Turkey. Prior to joining NED, he managed programs in those states and the Levant at the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE). Kraemer also taught law and researched at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland. He is an Eurasia Program Fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute and an affiliated expert of the Public International Law and Policy Groups where he advised the governments of Georgia and Montenegro. A member of the New York State Bar Association, Kraemer holds a JD from American University and a BA from the College of William and Mary. He’s appeared in numerous international and U.S. media. He is professionally proficient in Dari, Farsi, and Polish.

Julie Smith, Vice-President

Julianne "Julie" Smith is a Senior Advisor to the President of the German Marshall Fund of the United States and serves as the Director of the Asia Program and the Geopolitics Program. She is a contributing editor to Foreign Policy, where she coedits "Shadow Government." She is also a senior advisor at the WestExec Advisors. In 2018, she was awarded a fellowship from the Robert Bosch Academy in Berlin where she spent a year focusing on German foreign policy and transatlantic cooperation in Asia. In 2016-2018, Smith directed the Transatlantic Security Program at the Center for a New American Security (CNAS). During that time, she launched the "Across the Pond, in the Field," project. In 2012-2013, she served as the deputy national security advisor to the Vice President of the United States. Before her post at the White House, she served for three years as the Principal Director for European and NATO policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense in the Pentagon.

Lyndon Allin, Treasurer

Lyndon Allin is a senior associate in Baker McKenzie’s Washington, DC, office. He previously practiced with international firms in London and Washington. He received his juris doctorate in 2008 from Georgetown University, where he was a Global Law Scholar and researched and wrote about post-Soviet protracted conflicts, in particular Transdniestria and Abkhazia. Allin received his bachelor’s degree with honors from Duke University and his master’s degree with distinction in Russian and East European studies from Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service. He is a participant in the Dartmouth Conference, a long-standing dialogue to improve relations between the United States and Russia. Before attending law school Allin spent several years in Moscow managing the European operations of an international law firm. Prior to joining the firm, Allin worked as a senior adviser with Crisis Management Initiative, a private diplomacy and peacebuilding NGO, focusing on conflicts in the South Caucasus. Before that, he was seconded by the US State Department to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), where he served as the senior political officer at the Mission to Moldova, covering the Transnistrian conflict settlement process.

Andrew Wilson, Secretary

Andrew Wilson is the Executive Director of the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) in Washington, D.C. Wilson has extensive experience working with the private sector on development issues in conflict and post-conflict settings, crafting successful business strategies to reduce corruption, encouraging entrepreneurship development, strengthening business advocacy, improving corporate governance standards, and promoting economic reform. Wilson has worked at CIPE since 1996 in a variety of roles, including Deputy Director for Strategic Planning and Programs, and Regional Director for Europe, Eurasia, and South Asia. Prior to his time at CIPE, Wilson worked for several development NGOs focusing on economic reform, private sector growth, and public diplomacy. Over the years, Wilson has served on numerous international working groups dedicated to political and economic development in transitional societies. Wilson received his MA in East European Area Studies from the University of London (SSEES) and a BA in History from Lewis and Clark College.

Scott Cullinane, Executive Director

Scott Cullinane is an expert in US-European relations with extensive experience working with the business sector, Congress, and advocacy organizations. From 2011-2018 Scott served in various positions with the US Congress, including as the Professional Staff Member for the House Foreign Affairs Europe Subcommittee where he covered a broad jurisdiction, including the European Union, Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, and Central Asia. Cullinane’s work has focused on issues of democratic transition, rule of law, and national security. He has also worked as an election observer with the OSCE. Cullinane is a graduate of the Institute of World Politics in Washington and has completed course work at John Cabot University in Italy and Central European University in Hungary. He is currently based in Washington, DC.